Preventing canine infectious diseases
Infectious Disease of Liver and Kidneys:
Leptospirosis(Lepto): Lepto is a serious bacterial disease of mammals such as dogs and human. Diagnosis of lepto can be difficult, and if left untreated, death may occur. Lepto bacteria are harbored in the bodies of wildlife, rodents and livestock, and are shed in the urine of infected animals. Any surface water contaminated by this urine represents a source of infection to your pet.
Clinical signs may include: Vomiting, Lethargy, Kidney failure, Diarrhea, Fever, Jaundice
Hepatitis: The virus is spread by contact with urine, feces and other secretions from infected animals. The liver is the primary organ affected and death is possible in severe cases.
Clinical signs may include: Lethargy, No Appetite
Lyme Disease: The bacteria which causes Lyme disease in dogs and humans is carried by specific tick species. Infected ticks, as small as the head of a pin, may inhibit lawns and gardens, as well as fields and forests. Lyme disease can be difficult to diagnose because of the long incubation period and vague, arthritis, flu-like symptoms. As the disease progresses, Lyme-causing bacteria damage many different organs including the liver, heart, nervous system and kidneys.
Clinical signs may include: Lameness,Anorexia,Depression,Inflamation leading to Vital Organ Dysfunction, Fever, Stiffness, Joint Pain/Swelling
Parvovirus: This highly contagious and debilitating virus is spread through infected fecal material. It is a very hardy virus and can survive in the environment for months or years. In severe cases, it can lead to shock and death. Vaccination against parvovirus is extremely important for all dogs.
Clinical signs may include: Severe depression, Loss of appetite, Vomiting, High fever, Profuse diarrhea
Contagious Respiratory Disease
Kennel Cough or Tracheobronchitis
Several types of bacteria and viruses are known to cause infection and inflammation of the lungs and respiratory passages of dogs. The most prevalent are adennvirus type 2, parainfluenza virus and Bordetella bronchiseptica. Dogs exposed to high-population situations such as daycare, shelters,breeding facilities, boarding and the show circuit are at risk.
Clinical signs: Harsh, Dry, Hacking Cough
Nervous System Disease
Distemper: Vaccination against distemper virus is essential for all dogs. Nearly every dog will be exposed to distemper in its lifetime. In its final stages, distemper may cause convulsions. Death may occur one to three weeks after infection.
Clinical signs may include: Fever, Loss of appetite,Listlessness,Dry cough,Watery discharge from eyes and nose(discharge becomes yellow and thick, Diarrhea
This is a fatal disease of all mammals including dogs, cats, livestock and humans. Infected wildlife and unvaccinated animals are the source of the virus. Because rabies is a significant health hazard, it is extremely important to vaccinate your pet. In many states and cities, rabies vaccine is required by law
Animal Medical Center of Warrenton
79 Garrett Street
Warrenton, VA 20186
Telephone: (540) 428-0025
Fax: (540) 428-2005
Hours of Operation
8 AM – 5 PM Mon. – Fri.
8 AM – 12 PM Saturday
Closed on Sunday
For emergencies after hours call Prince William Emergency Veterinary Clinic at 703-361-8287
Dr. John Rethman and his staff are committed to excellence and a pro-active approach in providing compassionate small animal care. He has been practicing veterinary medicine in the Northern Virginia area since 1982.